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A very senior military rank, generally senior to the ranks of a general officer, is the Field, Marshal. It is usually the highest rank in the army, although few people are assigned to it when it is. In several nations, it is recognized as a five-star rank in modern-day military forces. Ancient Ijesha War Lord Ogedengbe Agbogungboro is the only soldier who has been promoted to this rank in Nigerian history.
Named Saraibi Ogedengbe by his relatives, but renowned in wars and battles by others as Ogedengbe Agbogungboro for his tactfulness, strength, and prowess. To behold a true character, Ogedengbe was a character who made history and represented society right from an early age to adulthood. He was a brave, brave, and optimistic Ijesa, who though extremely challenging, had a true and sincere love for his town and people. Ogedengbe was a no-nonsense man, and he was not afraid of anybody. He was brave, always ready, and able to fight or attack someone who would dare to threaten him and not hesitate before the end. Ogedengbe was the ultimate star of his day and had fame, charisma, insight, and experience. Men wanted him to be his wife, and women wanted him to be his wife.
Orisarayibi Ogundamola was born to Ogedengbe Agbogungboro, Apasan Borijiwa, and Juola Orisatomi in 1822, during the reign of Aponlese I - Owa of Ilesha. At Atorin, a village about twenty kilometers from Ilesha in the now Atakomosa East Local Government areas, the Generalissimo of the Ekiti Army was born. This was the village of his mother; Oke-Orisa was the village of his aunt, which is around the same distance from Ilesha and in the same local government areas as Atorin today. The Ifa oracle predicted before Ogedengbe was born that he was going to be Ijeshaland's salvation. SARAIBI was the name given to Ogedengbe at birth. He was born as a normal child and grew up as a safe and hard-working young man in Atorin. "OGEDENGBE". Ogedengbe participated in many protests against the Ibadan people during adulthood, who persecuted and attacked the Ijesha people. He was captured and sent to Ibadan after one of those operations.
It was on this occasion that tribal markings were placed on his face by the Ibadan people before releasing him. In the Ibadan army, he fought until he became a senior military officer and then returned to the Ijesha forces to fight and lead. After this, he raised a huge army of young men from Ijesha and fought many bitter battles against the people of Ibadan. The adventures of Ogedengbe even brought him to the regions of Ekiti and Akoko, where he sold many of them into slavery. He was sometimes referred to as "O soko Ekiti soko Akoko" for this reason. He went as far as the new Edo state, too. Before he started fighting war against his kingdom, the Oba of Benin had to appease him. He gave gifts of beads, slaves and other valuables to Ogedengbe. View pictures in App save up to 80% data.
Ogedengbe came back to Igbara-Oke after this hack, hoping to settle down there. This was the moment when at Oke-Imesi, the Ibadan people engaged the Ijeshas and the Ekitis in a vicious battle. Ogedengbe had to be convinced by the leaders of the Ijeshas and the Ekitis to come and lead them as his unrivaled feats had become a legend in the whole land of Yoruba. He agreed and went to the battle field to check the Ibadan people's unreasonable ambition. For about nine years, the fighting went on. It was Captain Bower, the then resident commissioner of Ibadan, who, after winning the war, eventually ended the war through a treaty in 1886 (23 September 1886). It was because he possessed all these qualities that turned him into a local hero in his region. In the history of Yoruba, Nigeria and Africa, Ogedengbe became one of the most important men, hence the name 'OGEDENGBE AGBOGUNGBORO' meaning 'OGEDENGBE THE TACTFUL FIELD MARSHAL'
It started in the 19th century, a century of revolt in the land of Yoruba, owing to the constitutional instability following the collapse of the old Oyo Kingdom. Ibadan, a new town founded in the 1820s, sought to conquer and govern the majority of the Yoruba territory, and as a result, there were wars between the Yoruba kingdoms. In particular, the Kiriji war (also known as the 16-year war that started in 1877 involved the struggle for power, influence and survival. On Monday, 30 July 1877, the Ibadan proclaimed 'a war to end all wars' on the Egba. The Ijebu joined in and it started spreading. The Ekiti and Ijesa nations unified and formed an alliance known as Ekiti-parapo (the allied forces of the Ijesa and Ekiti) in 1878, extending to the east, led by Ogedengbe of Ilesha. Later, Ife and Ilorin followed them. Ibadan now had a string of rivals who were willing to fight for their freedom and liberate themselves from the imperialism of Ibadan.
During the war, dynastic marriages were a common phenomenon in the Yoruba Kingdom, particularly among the Ekiti ruling houses, in order to ensure close relationships between families vying for influence. In order to consolidate diplomatic, and invariably, war alliances, Ogedengbe, the war hero of Ijesa and Ekiti-parapo, had wives from different parts of Yoruba territory. Ogedengbe is believed to have had over 99 wives from different parts of Yoruba territory. For eg, the King of Ila sent his daughter to avoid an assault on his city. Ogedengbe himself also married his daughters to prominent figures from other parts of the Yoruba region. History has it that Ogedengbe was absolutely beheaded during the battle, but he escaped death in a miraculous fashion. He actually marched towards his head on his headless body, picked it up and put his head back on it. Although very real and true, but incredible, this incident made his enemies even more afraid of him. Since they believed what could potentially kill Ogedengbe if he was not shipped off to his grave by the be-headings.
That's why, until now the emblem of the house of Ogedengbe is a sword that reminds us all the time that a valiant fighter was decapitated with a sword and the attack somehow survived. He was enraged by this assault on his life and gave Ogedengbe a fresh lease on life to defeat all his enemies. Ogedengbe of Ilesha, the mythical warlord, also terrorized the Yoruba land for some time, spreading its ravages to the territories of Benin, taking cities and enslaving its people. The Kiriji war was the last of the Yoruba wars which lasted sixteen years. It was purchased in Lagos by the British government, which produced the Treaty of June 1886 and the Declaration of Peace on Yoruba Territory. While the peace treaty was ready in June, it could not be signed and sealed, and before the traditional Yoruba ceremony (ritual) of ending a war was conducted at the designated battlefield site, the statement continued.
Not until 1892 did the fighting finally conclude. Ibadan struggled to establish a permanent empire and have unity for the Yorubas as a result of this battle. A reconnaissance trip was made to the site of the signing of the peace treaty in 1986, a hundred years after the Kiriji war. The trip was part of an academic conference arranged to commemorate the Ekiti-parapo Peace Centenary. The discovery of the teams illuminates the Yoruba approach to peace building and implementation of peace. Next, it was found that boundary modification was involved in war termination. New borders were delineated (Yoruba word: peregun) by the planting of a peculiar herb, the Draconian perennial tree. The two-peregun trees planted over a hundred years ago still stand proudly at the Ekiti-parapo peace site, demarcating the Ibadan-Ekitiparapo territory and reminding both sides of the war of the cessation of hostilities. His perennial characteristics are the greatest advantages of the peregun tree. It is not readily destroyed by fire, it survives droughts and if accidentally cut, it sprouts quickly. In addition, a tabú is installed around the tree by the Yoruba: it must not be uprooted and it is considered holy anywhere peregun sits. In essence, the Yoruba peace treaties are founded on a sense of permanence and inviolability.
The war prowess of the Ijesa army under the command of the great Ogedengbe was to be commended, for many areas of the Yoruba land would have been forever subservient to Oyo and other more powerful realms without their fierce participation in the Kiriji war and other wars. Fabunmi of Oke-Imesi, Oluyole, Ibikunle and Ogunmola of Ibadan, Onafowokan of Ijebu, Sodeke of Egba and so many others were other notable war heroes of the 19th century who showed courage.
Ogedengbe returned to Ilesha after the final resolution of the KIRIJI War to calm down. Although one or two accidents occurred, such as being taken to Iwo between 1896 and 1898 for a brief time. Going home to Ogedengbe was reasonably calm on the whole. "A hero welcome back home was granted to Ogedengbe-led Ilesa forces and Ogedengbe himself was honored during the war for his role, courage and patriotism, he was awarded with a royal title of "OBANLA OF IJESHALAND," also known as "OBA-ALA OF ILESHA" (meaning THE "MIGHTY" KING OF IJESHA LAND). A respectably deserved title, sincerely worthy of a valiant warrior.
The highest title of chieftain in Ijeshaland is OBA-ALA OF ILESHA, making OGEDENGBE the second in command and rank to the ruler, OWA-OBOKUN OF IJESHALAND. Ogedengbe also had his own palace on Okesa Road, Ilesa, which is a stone's throw away from the Owa (King) Palace, known as the Oba-Ala Palace. The form of his palace is oval, to represent the first letter of his name, OGEDENGBE, a letter 'O' shape.
While the OWA is the supreme decision-maker in Ilesha, without proper consultation with the OBANLA (Oba-Ala), no legislation can directly be imposed on the property. History has it that none of the descendants of Ogedengbe were necessarily crowned OWA (King), since Ogedengbe himself was a KINGSMAKER (Afobaje) instead of a king. For instance, it was because of Ogedengbe that during his rule, Ilesa never instituted two Agunlejikas.
The Ijesha people, at one point, tried to make him an Owa, but he declined. He was eventually elected in 1898 as the OBANLA OF IJESHALAND. It is also important to remember that this title of chieftain was created primarily for Ogedengbe to express gratitude to Ijesha as they felt deeply indebted to him. No other person has ever been awarded this title before him. This is why until now, an Ogedengbe is more likely to be given the OBA-ALA title of ILESHA chieftain as a show of reverence for the Great Ogedengbe itself. In the past, the OBA-ALA OF ILESHA title was granted to the respectable personalities of Ilesha other than the descendant of Ogedengbe, but when an Ogedengbe is awarded with this title, it becomes known as "OBA-ALA OGEDENGBE OF ILESHA."
After the Kiriji Battle, Ogedengbe of Ilesha was crowned the OBA-ALA OGEDENGBE OF ILESHA I. After that, Chief Saraibi Ogedengbe remained happily until he died on July 29, 1910. The heavens (3 times) shook and thundered to demonstrate that a great warrior had passed away. He was buried in his castle, and since then his descendents have gone on with the wonderful legacy left behind by the Famed Yoruba Warrior.
His first son, Ogunleye, later became Ilesha ll'Oba-Ala Ogedengbe. Stephen Olusesan, the grandson of Ogedengbe, became the Oba-Ala Ogedengbe of Ilesha lll, both of whom are now of blessed remembrance. All of Ilesha's Oba-Ala Ogedengbe are buried in the palace of Oba-Ala in Okesa Street, Ilesha.
Today, in Nigeria, the name of Ogedengbe is synonymous with Ilesa (his town) or the word 'Agbogungboro' ('The FieldMarshal' means Yoruba word). During his days, he was a legend and his greatness is still felt and present up to now. Without a doubt, Ogedengbe was a wonderful celebrity who is pointed to today as an inspiration to young men. When you reach the city of Ilesha, which was erected as a permanent monument to him, his statue can still be seen.
It is a popular saying among the Ijesha that The day Ogedengbe died, God shot a gun (Ojo ti Ogedengbe ku, Olorun yin ibon)" You will never be forgotten by Ogedengbe Agbogungboro, and your greatness and legacy will surely reign forever.
1st generation - HRH, Late Chief Saraibi Ogedengbe
OBA-ALA OGEDENGBE OF ILESHA I
2nd generation - HRH, Late Chief Ogunleye Ogedengbe
OBA-ALA OGEDENGBE OF ILESHA II
3rd generation - HRH, Late Chief Stephen Olusesan Ogedengbe OBA-ALA OGEDENGBE OF ILESHA III
4th generation - HRH, Chief Mathew Oyekanmi Ogedengbe OBA-ALA OGEDENGBE OF ILESHA IV
Sources; Legend Of Ogedengbe
History Of Yoruba's
Wars and Kingdoms