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From primaries to poll, all you need to know about the US presidential election

Arrowhead 06/29/2020

Although, the US 2020 presidential election is some months away, but the primaries elections are ongoing. We will take a look into how the election process works in the United States.

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There are many legal requirements needed for the office of the American presidency. Candidate aspiring for this position must be a citizen by naturalization, not less than 35 years of age and resident of the United States for at least fourteen years, but there are also many other informal barriers, all America President since 1933 has held the position of a Governor, Senator, or been a five star military general. No woman has been voted into the position and Barack Obama was the only African American to rise to that position.

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The race to the presidency starts by winning the party's nomination and working on a massive campaign.

HOW PARTIES SELECT THEIR CANDIDATE

The formal choosing of aspirants holds in the national convention of both the Republican and Democratic parties. For this year the national convention is slated to happen in July. People in the convention are party delegates who vote to choose the candidate.

Presently, the Democratic has 4,750 delegates, while the Republican has 2,551 delegates. Aspirants must get the majority of votes to emerge the party's candidate.

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HOW ARE THESE DELEGATES SELECTED

Delegates are elected during the presidential primaries. In the Democratic party there are two groups of delegates - pledged delegates and super or un-pledged delegates.

Pledged delegates are elected with the belief that they will give their support to a specific candidate during the party's national convention, though it is not made compulsory. Aside from 3,979 pledged delegates there are also 771 super-delegates which are usually Democratic party members who are Congressmen, Governors, former Presidents, and other high ranking officials, who are not expected to give inclination for any aspirant. In the Democratic party, equal representation is used to deduce the distribution of delegates to candidates.

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However, there is a cut-off of 15% votes that the candidate must have to be allotted any delegate.

The Republican has a total of 2,551 delegates who are mostly pledged delegates. The process of choosing delegates is quite different from the Democratic. The winner takes all system is used to select delegates in some States while others use proportional representation.

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Source: opera.com
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