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30 Interesting Facts About Ibadan that No One will Ever Tell You

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Ibadan City was established in 1829 as a war camp for Oyo, Ife, and Ijebu guerrillas. A forest site and several ranges of hills ranging from 160 to 275 meters in altitude offered strategic defense opportunities.

View pictures in App save up to 80% data. In the southwest region of Nigeria's Oyo State, Ibadan is the largest indigenous town in West Africa. It is the capital city of Oyo State, and is situated about 145 km north-east of Lagos, the commercial capital of Nigeria. The population of 2,550,593 includes 11 local government areas according to the 2006 census estimates. Central Ibadan has an area of 128 km2 with a population of 1,338,659 including five LGAs.

Ancient Ibadan

1.Ibadan is a town built on seven hills. It was established by the Yoruba in 1750. In 1829, the Yoruba army became its headquarters and Protectorate was in possession of Great Britain in 1893 as part of the Niger Delta.

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2. Ibadan does not have an "ancient lord" or founder; it has held only an indirect link with Ile-Ife, which has been seen as its original home by most older states, and whose princes have obtained a beaded crown that symbolizes the right to rule and through which they establish a spirit of brotherhood, united with many of Yoruba 's members.

3. Ibadan was founded by "iron and blood," and the military elite was founded from the start, dominated by most of the noted warriors of the 1830s.

View pictures in App save up to 80% data. 4. The first was Oluyedun, a prominent warrior for the general of war in Oyo who named himself Àare-nà-Kakanfò. According to their courage, he chose his lieutenants and subordinates. Lake, then known as "the bravest man of courage," was the commander-in-chief of the ad hoc army ibádàn and became the ítún Kakanfo, while Oluyole became the ìsì Kakanfò, reputed to be the next most powerful man.

5. The Baselfrun Oluyole reign also underlined that a powerful military head was in charge of the mid-1830s to 1847. His subjects and leaders hated him for his firmness and resilience, always excessive and bounded by injustice and evil. He was so popular that long after his rule, Ibadan became famous as à là o Oluyole, to this day.

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Geographical Location

6. Long-established Ibadan oral traditions talk of 'three Ibadans,' the first two are smaller settlements which are inhabited by migrants from other regions of the region, including the Gbagura chickens, who subsequently migrated to Abeokuta. Among them were Lagelu 's descendants, the ancient founder of the first Ibadan emigrant from Ile Ife.

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7. The first Ibadan was destroyed as a result of its destruction; the second was defeated and abandoned, and the third has since remained.

8. Ibadan started with the Ijebu, Oyo and Ife Ally Armies as temporary settlement and a war camp (bùdó Ogun).

9. The Egba, Ife, and Oyo were the original people of Ibadan. In 1829, Egba left for Abeokuta, and in 1833 Oyo expunged Ife and became the region 's unique inhabitant, under the leadership of Máyè and Oyo.

10.In the 19th century, Ibadan provided natural safeguards. The settler moved to Oke Mapo (Mapo Hill) and clustered around his end. Ibadan was therefore referred to as the town on the mountain.

11. No aàfin (palace) had been found in the center of the city since no aba was found there. The various buildings were therefore not built as in old towns where housing had been constructed to face the palace as much as possible to take into account the orientation of any ruler's compound. Instead, they were built on hillsides to face any direction that was deemed convenient by the owner and to prevent ridges where erosion and flooding could wash their houses away.

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Commerce and Trade

12.Although the people were mainly farmers, some traded. The city's economic nerve center was the main market of Ojaoba. The ibádàn market, with coastal products such as sea salt, dried fish, or European commodities, was attended by a trader from neighboring countries Ijebu and Egba. Women traders left the town for Apomu, Ikire, and other villages in Ife 's kingdom to visit the markets.

13. The municipal wall was divided into 16 gates, all heading for the 16 highways that cross the city, which allowed merchants to move from various locations. The multi-gate network in Yorubaland was considered to be unique and was described to be the first.

14. Due to their traffic and the importance they attached to their maintenance and protection, four gates of Ibadan were especially significant. The gates to Abeokuta, Ijebuland, Oyo, and Iwo were these. Ibàdàn linked both Abeokuta and Ijebu gates with the coast while the other connected people with their relatives in Oyo-Yoruba cities and villages.

15. The location of Ibadan favored corporate enterprise. Ibadan had the economic advantage of being on a touch road network. They could be connected to the old states of Yoruba and ports in Lagos, Porto Novo, and Badagry via Egba, Egbado, and Ijebu territories. The lucrative trade in slave goods and then with the European coastal goods at that time, these three ports were significant. This advantageous position was taken by Íbàdàn to establish business ties with many other parts of Yorubaland.

Within Ties

16. In less than two decades after its formation, Ibadan had grown into a major commercial center. By the late 1840s, the second town wall had to be constructed, and in 1858 the third to protect its almost 100 000 inhabitants was rapidly expanding from its tiny settlement in the 1830s.

17. Ibadan maintained an open-door policy that attracted and welcomed externals irrespective of where they came from. A lot of people have been drawn into the city because of its great economic potential, openness, and hospitality towards foreigners and the opportunity that it generated to use its talents robustly and creatively.

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18.Ibadan had a large, rapidly increasing population, unlike older countries that had been developed by just a handful of people and took hundreds of years to create. It had an economic influence. Farmlands had to be rapidly built to meet human food needs. There needed to be more materials and accessories, and this contributed to the incredible growth of the craft industry. The currency system always had to be strengthened.

19. Ibadan has given all its people unparalleled security and generated in the minds of its people a sense of invulnerability. All who set foot in Ibadan comfortably was free, apart from war or civil uprising, from the hands of the invaders — both conditions which would be a subverting of peace in Ibadan. For it was believed that 'Ogun kò lè kó ìbàdàn' was the name used.

20. In addition to his strategic position giving it natural protection, he had many distinguished guerrillas who succeeded in defending the town against any part of the attacks by Yorubaland.

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21. Ibadan rapidly developed into a large city center with a rising economy and a high level of expertise. This quick transformation of the city is in line with the "true theory of urbanization," which points out that Ibadan can transform a small settlement into an urban center through an economy based on specialization and division of labor.

[23.]. Based on this theory of the economy, many farmers were operating well beyond livelihoods; their military rulers provided the peace and control needed over the economy and their trade sector permitted local surplus products and imports to be distributed.

23. Many of the Ibadan traders grew wealthy through the sale of local products and the clearance of higher value goods from various sources. This created significant employment for many people, as well as manufacturers, wholesalers, food sellers, and other non-agricultural occupations. It also gave more money to the military rulers.

24. 24. Therefore Ibadan became an urban center in 1850, covering approximately 16 square miles and with a population of approximately 60,000 to 100,000 people in the area.

25. 25. This had also established an economic, political, and social structure to support it for the remaining 50 years of the century.

Modern Ibadan

26.Ibadan, the capital of the State of Oyo, is Nigeria's second-largest city after Lagos, and the largest in geographical areas (Yoruba: Ibadan or the whole of Ibbá-dàn, a city at the junction of the savannah and the forest). Ibadan was the largest and most populous city in Nigeria and the third in Africa at independence after Cairo and Johannesburg.

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Ibadan 's Cocoa Restaurant. The 3rd highest building in Nigeria was completed in July 1965, with 78th largest building in Africa, in June 2017.

27. The geographical position and proximity to the capital of Lagos were major factors in the decision of Ibadan to become the headquarters of the Western Provinces in 1939 and the Western Zone of Nigeria in 1952.

28. Ibadan is Nigeria's biggest city by geographical area. It is bigger than Ekiti, Abia, Ebonyi, Imo, Anambra, and Lagos.

It is inhabited more than the districts of Ondo, Osun, Kogi, Enugu, Kebbi, Edo, Plateau, Adamawa, Cross River, Abia, Ekiti, Kwara, Gombe, Yobe, Taraba, Ebonyi, Nasarawa, Bayelsa and Abuje.

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The countries of Sokoto, Jigawa, Adamawa, Taraba, Plateau, Ebonyi, Ekiti, Osun, Bayelsa, Cross River, Kwara, Kogi, Kaduna, Kebbi, Gombe, Bauchi and Burn are more developed. They are more developed.

29. As a city Ibadan consists of 11 municipal governance areas: 3 more than the State of Bayelsa and 2 less than the State of Ebonyi.

30. The first "skyscraper" in Nigeria, Cocoa House, is in Ibadan.

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Source: opera.com
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Top Comments
GUEST_Dv1gLyjzX · 07/27/2020
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[email protected] · 07/4/2020
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HareesMartin · 06/27/2020
best city what a pity

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