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Find Out, The Common Types of Prostate Diseases Most People Overlook

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The prostate is a gland in men. It is located in the lower abdomen. The prostate gland helps make semen, the fluid that contains sperm. The prostate surrounds the tube that carries urine away from the bladder and out of the body, known as urethral. A young man's prostate is about the size of a walnut. It slowly grows larger with age. If it gets too large, it can cause serious health problem. This is very common after age 50. There are several conditions that affect that prostate gland and this is what I want to throw more light on:


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Prostatitis is swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland. It often causes painful or difficult urination, pain in the groin or the pelvic area or genitals and sometimes associating with flu-like symptoms. Prostatitis affects men of all ages but tends to be more common in men at 50 or younger. The condition has a number of causes. Sometimes the cause isn't identified. If prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection, it can usually be treated with antibiotics. Acute bacterial prostatitis is often caused by common strains of bacteria. The infection can start when bacteria in urine leak into the prostate gland.

Depending on the cause, prostatitis can come on gradually or suddenly. It might improve quickly, either on its own or with treatment. Some types of prostatitis last for months or keep recurring known as chronic prostatitis.


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As earlier said, the prostate gland surrounds the tube that carries urine out of the body. So as men age, this soft gland grows bigger and larger in size. The enlargement is as a result of increase in number and size of the cells of the gland. As a result the enlarged prostate presses the urethra and prevent the routine smooth flow of urine from the bladder. An enlarged prostate is also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Most men will get BPH as they get older. Symptoms often start after age 50. One should note that BPH is not cancer in nature, and it does not seem to increase your chance of getting prostate cancer. Early detection and treatment always poses greater outcome. 


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Prostate cancer is common among older men. It is rare in men younger than 40. Risk factors for developing prostate cancer include being over 65 years of age, family history. Most men with localized prostate cancer have few or even no symptoms. Possible symptoms can include: Problems when you urinate such as pain or burning, difficulty starting or stopping, or a weak urine flow, pain in your lower back or waist pain, painful ejaculation and bloody urine.

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Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in their golden age. The common tests one can do to check the health status include:

1. Digital rectal exam: Your doctor inserts a finger into the rectum and touches the prostate gland. The doctor feels the shape of the prostate gland and checks for any hard spots.

2.PSA blood test: This blood test tells how much PSA (a protein or secretion made by the prostate gland) is in the blood. Many men with prostate cancer have PSA levels that are higher than normal or that have gotten higher over time. A high PSA level does not always mean a man has prostate cancer. As men get older, the prostate gland may grow larger over time. This growth, and other health conditions, can cause a high PSA level in men who do not have prostate cancer.


It is important to note that, the management of prostate condition almost all the time depends on the underlined cause for example, Prostatitis may perfectly requires antibiotic management while enlargement may needs treatment or medication that will slow down the rate of increase of cells size and number and hence promote effective urine flow. On the other hand, prostate cancer takes different intervention, sometime the patient must undergo advance chemotherapy or radiotherapy or even surgery before the problem is minutely solved. It pays better to know you prostate condition before you initiate treatment.

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Source: opera.com
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